Hobby Lobby to Pay $3 Million Fine, Forfeit Ancient Artifacts

This is an archived article and the information in the article may be outdated. Please look at the time stamp on the story to see when it was last updated.

Hobby Lobby

Hobby Lobby agreed to forfeit thousands of artifacts from modern-day Iraq and pay a $3 million fine to resolve a civil action the Justice Department brought against the company, according to court documents.

The DOJ said the company received the falsely labeled artifacts from a United Arab Emirates-based supplier.

The artifacts, ancient cuneiform tablets, and clay bullae were smuggled into the United States through the United Arab Emirates and Israel, Justice officials said. Cuneiform is an ancient system of writing on clay tablets that was used in Mesopotamia, and clay bullae are balls of clay on which seals have been imprinted.

The dealers working with Hobby Lobby falsely labeled the shipments as “ceramics” and “samples” and illegally shipped them to Hobby Lobby stores and two corporate offices, according to the DOJ.

Clay bullae, seen here and ancient cuneiform from modern-day Iraq were smuggled into the United States through the United Arab Emirates and Israel, JOD officials said.
Full credit: U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of NY

The arts and crafts chain agreed Wednesday to the settlement with the US Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of New York.

Hobby Lobby said it has cooperated with the investigation.

“In 2009, Hobby Lobby began acquiring a variety of historical Bibles and other artifacts. Developing a collection of historically and religiously important books and artifacts about the Bible is consistent with the company’s mission and passion for the Bible,” Hobby Lobby said in a statement.

“We should have exercised more oversight and carefully questioned how the acquisitions were handled,” Hobby Lobby President Steve Green said in the statement. “Hobby Lobby has cooperated with the government throughout its investigation, and with the announcement of today’s settlement agreement, is pleased the matter has been resolved.”

Artifacts inspected beforehand

Green and a consultant traveled to the United Arab Emirates in July 2010 to inspect the artifacts for sale, the DOJ said.

“In October 2010, an expert on cultural property law retained by Hobby Lobby warned the company that the acquisition of cultural property likely from Iraq, including cuneiform tablets and cylinder seals, carries a risk that such objects may have been looted from archaeological sites in Iraq,” the DOJ said.

Cuneiform is a system of writing on clay tablets that was used in ancient Mesopotamia.
Full credit: U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of NY

“The expert also advised Hobby Lobby to review its collection of antiquities for any objects of Iraqi origin and to verify that their country of origin was properly declared at the time of importation into the United States. ”

The expert told Hobby Lobby that a wrong declaration of country of origin could lead to the seizure of the artifacts by Customs and Border Protection, according to the DOJ.

‘Red flags’

Despite the warnings from the cultural property law expert, Hobby Lobby went forward with a deal to buy 5,548 artifacts for $1.6 million in December 2010, a deal “fraught with red flags,” the DOJ said.

“The protection of cultural heritage is a mission that Homeland Security Investigations and its partner US Customs and Border Protection take very seriously as we recognize that while some may put a price on these artifacts, the people of Iraq consider them priceless,” said Angel Melendez, special agent in charge, who led the investigation with the United States Attorney’s Office.

As a result of the investigation, Hobby Lobby has pledged to set up policies on the buying of cultural property, provide necessary training to its personnel, hire qualified outside customs counsel and customs brokers, and submit quarterly reports to the government on any cultural property it buys for the next eighteen months, according to the DOJ.

Correction: This story has been edited to make clear that Hobby Lobby received falsely labeled artifacts from a supplier, according to the Department of Justice. The UAE-based dealers involved in the transactions falsely labeled the artifacts as “ceramics” and “samples” and illegally shipped them to Hobby Lobby stores and corporate affiliates in the United States, the DOJ said.


  • Dave

    What’s this the company run by Christians are crooks…. Imagine that.. What happened to you’re Faith that you so forcefully took to the supreme court to deny others their rights? I wish them an quick bankruptcy .. Liars and Hypocrites.

  • Lance

    Everybody needs a hobby. Theirs are smuggling in artifacts. So leave them alone. They bought it someone else stole it.

  • NotMyPrez

    Sheep, just because the idiot Trump is delusional about news outlets doesn’t mean you need to follow and buy his crazy.

  • Common Sense

    CNN wire = FAKE NEWS….and in other news..”Japan wants Godzilla Back”.
    WNEP,, time to stop embarrassing yourselves.

  • Tilly

    WNEP got their hit piece done on Hobby Lobby. Now for a bathroom issue story. Got to be one somewhere

    • no bias here

      I’m thinking they’ll smear Chik-fil-a next, but a LBGTQIAEIEIO article wouldn’t be a surprise. Keep pushing the agenda, WNEP – more people are brainwashed every day. Your CNN overlords would be proud.

      • Really?

        Shouldn’t you be out scouting for the Illuminati or the NWO or Legion of Doom or the Xmen or whoever you think is invading your safe space?

Comments are closed.